Obesity refers to a condition where there is excessive accumulation of body fat resulting to further obesity health problems. Body Mass Index (BMI) is used to measure a person’s body fat based on his or her height and weight. A person is considered obese when the BMI is greater than30 kg/m2. This condition may lead to obesity health problems such as hypertension, heart and breathing problems.
Obesity in published researches is caused by many factors. It is usually caused by excessive intake of food, less physical activity and sometimes also as a result of medications taken. Obesity is common to people who have sedentary life style where one does not have much physical activity or routine. People who are emotionally disturbed and psychologically disturbed are prone to obesity as well. Some consider Genetics to rationalize obesity. Obesity can even be aggravated after one has been diagnosed with certain diseases such as Diabetes Mellitus, Pancreatic Cancer, heart and renal diseases.
Obesity health problems may arise as one disregards treating or preventing obesity. The incidence of stroke and heart attacks is high in obese persons as fats accumulate on the arterial walls of the heart. This makes it difficult for the heart to function and the longer it has this difficulty, the weaker it becomes and the possibility of heart attacks rises. Accumulation of too much sugar resulting to Diabetes Mellitus or Hyperglycemia further aggravates obesity which leads to poor wound healing, dizziness and activity intolerance.
Obesity can be prevented. With its increasing prevalence, there should be measures taken to put this to a minimum and reduce the obesity health problems that come with it. In order to treat obesity, one must adjust diet and engage in exercise. The reduction of food high in energy, such as fatty foods and high in sugar will be necessary. This is will allow the body to be able to use the stored fat as energy and the more it is used, the lesser it becomes. An increase in dietary fiber is needed for the body to be able to remove wasted regularly. A regular bowel habit means no body waste stored in the body, thus preventing other health problems.
Anti-obesity drugs are prescribed as well to help prevent obesity and the occurrence of obesity health problems. These drugs are given to reduce one’s appetite resulting to lesser intake of food. Some of the drugs prevent fat from being absorbed by the body. In cases of severe obesity, surgeries are performed to reduce obesity risks and danger. These biliary surgeries are done by reducing the size if the stomach in order to accommodate lesser amount of food. These in return, lessen the food intake resulting to decrease of fat storage.
If obesity will not be taken seriously, it will remain to be the greatest risk factor of many cardiovascular diseases, musculoskeletal problems and even psychiatric illnesses. It remains to be the easiest problem to acquire as one disregards the diet they follow and the lifestyle to live with. Obesity and being big in size is no longer an impression of wealth and abundance but a sign of health risk and problem. In fact, disregarding obesity and obesity health problems means living a life with a lot of limitations and may be short-lived.